It is difficult to diagnose FASD because no single test could cover the broad range of FASD signs and symptoms. Certain physical issues, developmental or behavioral concerns, or school failure should alert the parents, medical provider or other pediatric developmental specialist to consider a potential FASD diagnosis.

Individuals with FASD can have brain abnormalities that lead to problems in day-to-day functioning despite having a normal IQ, so a comprehensive evaluation is needed.

Because early identication, intervention and treatment are so important in mitigating the effects of FASD, it’s recommended that children—especially those whose prenatal and birth situations may be under-documented (international adoptees and kids in the foster care system)—be evaluated for possible FASD.


The effects of FASD on children

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